What does illegal pitch mean in softball?

What does illegal pitch mean in softball?

What does illegal pitch mean in softball?

Softball is a beloved sport known for its fast-paced action and thrilling gameplay. Whether you’re a seasoned player or just a casual observer, you’ve probably heard about the term “illegal pitch.” But what exactly does it mean in the context of softball? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll break down the concept of an illegal pitch, explain its implications, and explore the rules governing it.

Understanding the Basics

Before delving into the specifics of an illegal pitch, it’s essential to have a solid grasp of the fundamentals. Softball is a team sport played with a ball that’s larger and softer than a baseball. It’s typically played on a smaller field with seven or ten players on each team. The game’s primary objective is to score runs by hitting the ball and advancing around the bases, while the opposing team tries to prevent this by fielding and pitching.

The Role of the Pitcher

In softball, the pitcher is a central figure. They stand in the pitcher’s circle and deliver the ball to the batter. The pitcher primarily aims to throw strikes while adhering to the rules and regulations governing pitching. Here’s where the concept of an illegal pitch comes into play.

Defining the Illegal Pitch

An illegal softball pitch violates specific rules set by the sport’s governing bodies, such as the Amateur Softball Association (ASA) or the International Softball Federation (ISF). These rules are in place to maintain fairness, safety, and consistency in the game. Let’s delve into some common elements that can render a pitch illegal:

  1. Foot Placement: One of the fundamental pitching rules is the pitcher’s pivot foot placement. The pivot foot must remain in contact with the pitcher’s plate until the ball is released. If the pitcher lifts the pivot foot prematurely, it constitutes an illegal pitch.
  2. Motion and Delivery: Softball pitchers must adhere to specific rules regarding their wind-up, motion, and delivery. Any excessive or unnatural movements during the pitch can result in an illegal pitch being called.
  3. Substance on the Ball: Applying foreign substances to the ball, such as saliva or pine tar, is strictly prohibited. Such actions can alter the ball’s flight, giving the pitcher an unfair advantage.
  4. Pitching Speed: While speed is desirable in a pitcher, there are limits. Pitchers must not exceed the maximum pitch speed established by the governing body. Going beyond this limit can lead to an illegal pitch.

Consequences of an Illegal Pitch

Now that we understand what constitutes an illegal pitch, let’s explore the consequences for the pitcher and the game as a whole:

  1. Ball or Strike: Depending on the situation, an illegal pitch can result in the batter being awarded a ball or a strike. The specific outcome depends on the count when the illegal pitch is called.
  2. Base Runners: If there are base runners, they may be awarded bases based on the type of illegal pitch and the governing rules. This can have a significant impact on the game’s dynamics.
  3. Warnings and Ejections: Repeated illegal pitches can lead to warnings, ejections, or even game forfeitures for the pitcher and the team.

Common Misconceptions

It’s essential to address some common misconceptions about illegal pitches in softball. For instance, many people believe that any form of “baulk” in softball is an illegal pitch. The term “baulk” is associated with baseball and does not apply to softball.

The Role of Umpires

Umpires play a critical role in enforcing the rules related to illegal pitches. They carefully observe the pitcher’s actions and mechanics to ensure compliance. If an umpire believes a pitch is illegal, they will make the appropriate call, which can significantly impact the game’s outcome.

What is a softball illegal pitch?

A softball’s illegal pitch breaks the game’s rules, typically due to foot placement, unnatural motion, ball tampering, or exceeding speed limits. It can lead to penalties like awarding the batter a ball or strike and advancing base runners.

What happens when an illegal pitch is called?

When an illegal pitch is called in softball, the consequences can include awarding the batter a ball or a strike, advancing base runners if any, and potential warnings or ejections for the pitcher and their team.


In conclusion, understanding what an illegal pitch means in softball is essential for players, coaches, and fans. It’s a crucial aspect of the game that ensures fairness and maintains the integrity of softball competitions. By adhering to pitching rules, players can enjoy a level playing field, and spectators can witness a thrilling and fair competition. So, the next time you’re watching or playing a softball game, watch for those legal pitches and appreciate the skill and precision that goes into each one.


My name is Arslan Akhtar, and I’m a passionate softball fan and the owner of this website. For me, softball is a thinking person’s game that requires strategic thinking and mental agility throughout every pitch, inning, and game. As a lifelong fan of the sport, I’ve come to appreciate all the little nuances of the game, from hitting a home run to watching my favourite player make an incredible play on the field. I created this website as a valuable resource for those looking for information on everything from gear to stats to the best positions in softball. Whether you’re a seasoned player or just getting started, I hope you’ll find the information you’re looking for here on AKSportss. So please explore my site and check out my extensive collection of softball articles.

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